Introduction: Nature

Friuli Venezia Giulia is a mosaic of habitats in which thousands of botanical and faunal species live, some of which are extremely rare. This is due to the unique geographical position of this region, that Ippolito Nievo did not hesitate to describe as "a small compendium of the universe": framed by mountains and overlooking the sea, offers a natural wealth with unique characteristics, beautifully mixed to history and art of all villages, churches, villas and castles.


Most of these diverse environments are not far from each other:

- The austere and wild mountains where the eagles fly, and where chamois and deers ride along the woods, and climb the bare rocks from which you can enjoy breathtaking sceneries;

- The rolling, barely marked, hills covered with meadows and vineyards and dominated by castles of austere beauty, between whose walls story of The Little Country was made and lived;

- The karst area, with thousands of caves entering the heart of the earth, where still re-emerge, in the splendid halls adorned with stalactites and stalagmites, the traces of prehistoric human settlement;

- The plain, marked by the laborious work of men, includes gravel roads and narrow streets that, entering in cultivated fields and silent clearings, lead to picturesque villages curled up around their ancient churches;

- Restless, majestic rivers and streams pass through it, creating pools, lakes, ravines and springs, and then open up to the sea, into the lagoons that seem to be made of light, air and sunsets.


Between the mountains and the sea you can discover this amazing piece of land that contains, in its pristine beauty, the history and the proud character of Friulan people.

Bibliographic References

Text by Enza Chiara Lai

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BENUSSI E. - DOLCE S., Escursioni sul Carso triestino e sloveno: 12 itinerari, Verona 1995

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MASSA R. (a cura di), Guida alla natura del Veneto e Friuli Venezia Giulia, Milano 1985

SGOBINO F., Il Lago di Cornino: Riserva Naturele Regionale, Firenze 2000

SGUAZZIN F., I boschi di Muzzana del Turgnano, ovvero, i resti più estesi dell'antica Foresta Lupanica, Udine 1991